opencv证件照背景替换

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在这里插入图片描述


#include <QCoreApplication>
#include "opencv2/opencv.hpp"

using namespace cv;
using namespace std;
Mat src,dst;
//组装数据
Mat mat_to_samples(Mat &image);
//证件照背景替换
int  main()
{
    src=imread("../image/1113.jpg");
    if(src.empty())
    {
        printf("could not load image ...");
        return ;
    }
    imshow("src",src);

    //组装数据
    Mat points=mat_to_samples(src);

    //运行KMeans
    int numCluster=4;
    Mat labels;
    Mat centers;
    TermCriteria criteria=TermCriteria(TermCriteria::EPS+TermCriteria::COUNT,10,0.1);
    kmeans(points,numCluster,labels,criteria,3,KMEANS_PP_CENTERS,centers);

    //去背景 +遮罩

    Mat mask=Mat::zeros(src.size(),CV_8UC1);
    int index=src.rows*2+2;
    int cindex=labels.at<int>(index,0);
    int height=src.rows;
    int width=src.cols;

    src.copyTo(dst);

    for (int row=0;row<height;row++) {
        for (int col=0;col<width;col++) {

           index=row*width +col;
           int label=labels.at<int>(index,0);
           if(label==cindex)//背景
           {
               dst.at<Vec3b>(row,col)[0]=0;
               dst.at<Vec3b>(row,col)[1]=0;
               dst.at<Vec3b>(row,col)[2]=0;
               mask.at<uchar>(row,col)=0;
           }
           else
           {
               mask.at<uchar>(row,col)=255;
           }
        }
    }
    imshow("mask",mask);
    imshow("dst",dst);

    //腐蚀 + 高斯模糊
    Mat k=getStructuringElement(MORPH_RECT,Size(3,3),Point(-1,-1));

    //形态学操作
    morphologyEx(mask,mask,CV_MOP_CLOSE,k,Point(-1,-1));

    //erode(mask,mask,k);
    imshow("erode",mask);
    GaussianBlur(mask,mask,Size(3,3),0,0);
    imshow("blur mask",mask);

    //通道混合

    Vec3b color;
    RNG rng;
    color[0]=rng.uniform(0,255);
    color[1]=rng.uniform(0,255);
    color[2]=rng.uniform(0,255);
    color[0]=0;
    color[1]=255;
    color[2]=0;


    Mat result(src.size(),src.type());
    double w=0.0;
    int b=0,g=0,r=0;
    int b1=0,g1=0,r1=0;
    int b2=0,g2=0,r2=0;

    for (int row=0;row<height;row++) {
        for (int col=0;col<width;col++) {
            int m=mask.at<uchar>(row,col);
            if(m==255)
            {
                result.at<Vec3b>(row,col)=src.at<Vec3b>(row,col);   //前景
            }
            else if(m==0){
                result.at<Vec3b>(row,col)=color;      //背景
            }
            else {
                w=m/255.0;
                b1=src.at<Vec3b>(row,col)[0];
                g1=src.at<Vec3b>(row,col)[1];
                r1=src.at<Vec3b>(row,col)[2];

                b2=color[0];
                g2=color[1];
                r2=color[2];

                b=b1*w+b2*(1.0-w);
                g=g1*w+g2*(1.0-w);
                r=r1*w+r2*(1.0-w);

                result.at<Vec3b>(row,col)[0]=b;
                result.at<Vec3b>(row,col)[1]=g;
                result.at<Vec3b>(row,col)[2]=r;
            }
        }
    }

    imshow("reslut",result);

	waitkey(0);

	return 0;

}
//组装数据
Mat mat_to_samples(Mat &image)
{
    int w=image.cols;
    int h=image.rows;
    int samplecount=w*h;
    int dims=image.channels();
    Mat points(samplecount,dims,CV_32F,Scalar(10));

    int index=0;
    for (int row=0;row<h;row++) {
        for (int col=0;col<w;col++) {

            index=row*w+col;
            Vec3b bgr=image.at<Vec3b>(row,col);
            points.at<float>(index,0)=static_cast<int>(bgr[0]);
            points.at<float>(index,1)=static_cast<int>(bgr[1]);
            points.at<float>(index,2)=static_cast<int>(bgr[2]);
        }
    }
    return points;

}

在这里插入图片描述

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